Experience, ingenuity and seamless toolpath generation were combined to help Auburn, NY-based Auburn Vacuum Forming Co. meet the challenge of machining a 30-inch by 50-inch production mold with existing equipment saving outsourcing costs, and eclipsing hand-tooling.
|RenShape blocks have been added to the Mastercam-machined third layer prior to roughing. Each layer has been cut to precise boundaries and is ready to accept the bottom plane of the next.
The assignment was a custom-formed front panel for a leading manufacturers through-the-wall atm machine. The customer furnished the profile for the face. Adding 2-inch sidewalls to the face following the radial curves at the top and bottom was one of AVFCOs post-design challenges.
AVFCO uses CNC Softwares Mastercam program for all its 2-to-5-axis machining and for much of its solid design work directly intended for moldmaking rather than drawing output. AVFCOs programmer/network administrator, Dave Eno, first tried other CAD packages to design the sidewall from the customers profile prior to using the Mastercam program for drawing output.
One of Mastercams features that is very useful for us is its ability to work simultaneously with solids and surfaces, says Eno. After we created the design section of the part as a solid, we converted the inside faces of the model to NURBS surfaces. Then we used the surfaces to create the mold model, extending the vertical side, top and bottom surfaces to a common plane, which completed the mold form. Mastercams associativity saved us a lot of time as well. It links the model and the NC program so that, after creating the initial toolpath, any changes we made to the model were automatically made to the toolpath.
Cutting the mold on one of AVFCOs three Thermwood 5-axis routers posed the major challenge. Since the mold was now 15 inches from the base plane to its highest point, Eno says, our existing Thermwoods couldnt plunge the depth, yet clear the top of the mold with their tool length restriction. We also needed the Thermwoods table size for the square area of the project, though we only used 3-axis toolpathing for this part of the process.
In the past, we worked one layer of RenShape at a time, from the bottom up, but had to toolpath for each layer independently. Now we have Mastercam not only create the toolpaths for the entire piece, but also create the toolpaths with depth boundaries according to the height parameters of the RenShape layer, on up-stack, and gluing each new block to the already cut lower one.
We roughed each layer with a 3&Mac218;4-inch end mill using a pocket surface roughing toolpath, then ran a finish pass with a 1&Mac218;2-inch ball end mill with contour finish for the bottom layers and parallel finish for the top layer. Each layer fit seamlessly with the previous one, exactly as we needed. Once machining and coating with sealer were done, we drilled holes from 0.015 inch to 0.030 inch as needed for the vacuum draw, Eno explains. This was a hand process which relies on the experience of the moldmakers to understand where greater draw more holes needs to be.
After normal vacuum forming on several of AVFCOs seven machines, the ATM covers required accurate removal of the excess plastic to join with the interior case of the body. Using Mastercams 5-axis capabilities, AVFCO developed the trimming toolpaths from the original solid part geometry. The entire perimeter of each part was trimmed vertically to the 2-inch sidewalls. Openings for the transaction monitor screen, keypad, card insert slot, receipt slot and cash dispensing mechanism exit required toolpaths to maintain an edge normal to the curved surfaces of the design.
I picked an arbitrary starting point and chose two boundaries. First, the tool-tip boundary delineated the 5-axis machining area. The second calculated the 5-axis tilting needed to produce the normal-to-the-surface trim angle. It only took two hours to program the 5-axis work, and each piece is trimmed in just eight minutes, Eno says. All trimming was done in single passes of a 1&Mac218;4-inch carbide end mill.
It would take a patternmaker at least 100 hours to make this mold from templates which would, themselves, take days to create. After a little over an hour to convert the customers profile to the full Mastercam toolpath, it took just over 20 hours to rough-and-finish all four layers of RenShape and to seal it. Whats more, Eno adds, with CAM, the mold is virtually exactly to the customers design.
For more information, contact CNC Software, Inc./Mastercam at (800) 228-2877 or (860) 875-5006,. www.mastercam.com.